2023 Early Hearing Detection & Intervention Conference

March 5-7, 2023 • Cincinnati, OH


3/14/2022  |   1:15 PM - 1:45 PM   |  Black Deaf Students: Language Deprivation and Suspension   |  Room 9

Black Deaf Students: Language Deprivation and Suspension

Introduction/Abstract Over 90% of Deaf children are born to hearing parents who are unfamiliar with sign language. As a result, these children are deprived of full language access early on. Language deprivation can also occur for older Deaf school-age children who are deprived of full language access when misinformed and outdated ideologies persist, such as suspensions at Deaf residential schools. When students are suspended from the classroom, they are deprived of the rich sign language exposure they would otherwise receive. This is especially important for Black Deaf students who may be disproportionately suspended in Deaf schools and have been shown to score lower on tests of academic and sign language ability. This article presents suspension data from one Deaf school with a focus on suspension patterns of Black Deaf students. Our results show that Black Deaf students, especially Black males, may be at risk of being suspended at higher rates than other students in Deaf Schools. We argue that high suspensions deprive Black Deaf students of full access to the rich language that is available in Deaf classrooms and restricts their ability to thrive linguistically and academically.

  • Identify issues related to suspension
  • Identify issues related to suspension of BIPOC
  • Identify cumulative impact on language deprivation


Handout is not Available

CART transcripts are NOT YET available, but will be posted shortly after the conference


Todd LaMarr (), American River College, lamarrtodd@gmail.com;
Todd LaMarr is a full time instructor at American River College in California. He and she wife have baby girl and a little boy on the way.


Financial -

Nonfinancial -

Lisalee Egbert (), California State University Sacramento, drlldegbert@gmail.com;
Lisalee D. Egbert, Ph.D. teachs at California State University, Sacramento in the Deaf Studies. She received a Civic Engagement Award from the State of Maryland for service in social justice, diversity, and equality.


Financial -
No relevant financial relationship exist.

Nonfinancial -
No relevant nonfinancial relationship exist.